Carpet Yarns

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Staff member
Feb 21, 2011
The free state of Missouri
Natural Fibres
The most popular of natural fibres and a great renewable resource, wool is exceptionally suited to being used as a carpet fibre because it combines excellent resistance to foot fall with an uncanny knack of looking good for years. Wool Carpets are also resistant to combustion and under normal conditions provide a great anti-static flooring option.

Wool carpets tend to be made from either British Wool or from New Zealand Wool and each have their own distinct properties. British wools are notoriously tough and hard to beat when wear is a main concern. Whereas, New Zealand wool is better for dyeing lighter shades.

Being so delicate, silk is rarely used in carpet but it does bring a certain something to the finest hand made rugs, particularly those from the Middle East and Indian regions.

Used mainly in the backing of carpets from a traditional point of view, jute is gaining popularity as a natural fibre floorcovering and its depth of texture makes it great for rugs.

Coir is made from the fibres of coconut husks and it is a strong and resilient fibre. The husks are harvested and then soaked for months before being beaten into submission, washed and then dried. The pale yellow fibres are then spun into yarn that is then woven into flat weave carpeting or as many people will recognise it, into cut pile doormats that are great at removing dirt and moisture from soles.

Only used occasionally in loop pile and flat weave rugs and carpets.

These are some of the toughest fibres in the business and unlike most natural fibres it can be dyed. When combined with wool, sisal can also take on a softer side and is being favoured by natural flooring manufacturers for its aptitude at creating colourful, natural floors.

Hailing from the paddy fields of China, Seagrass is a rapidly replenishing resource. Once the fields have been flooded with seawater, the fibre is harvested and spun into yarn that has an impermeable quality. While this makes it hard to dye, it also makes it relatively easy to care for.

Man Made Fibres
Popular since the early 1950s, man made fibres have changed dramatically in aesthetics, feel and performance thanks to carpet manufacturing and fibre production technology. No longer a lesser option, particularly in the contract carpets sector, man made fibre producers have managed to bestow their products with specific performance properties that marry well with the fibres’ tenacity for design flexibility. Solution-dyed man made fibres are now an increasingly important part of many manufacturers’ ranges.

Not as hard wearing as nylon and less fire resistant than wool, acrylic can still bring bulk and pile resilience to a carpet.

Polyamide (Nylon)
Nylon carpet fibres take two forms, Nylon Type 6 and Nylon Type 6.6. Type 6 is often added to wool to create a woolrich carpet with increased wear resistance, particularly in lower pile weights and densities.

Nylon Type 6.6 has some extra bells and whistles in its molecular structure providing an extremely hard wearing fibre that by many is now considered the industry standard within commercial contract locations. The main exponent of Nylon Type 6.6 in the carpet sector is INVISTA with its Antron fibre collection. For further information on how this fibre can increase longevity, resist uv light and lend a carpet design that extra edge then visit Antron Carpet Fibre’s website by clicking here.

Polyester carpet fibre gives a luxurious feel to thick, cut pile styles and it also provides a good depth of colour. However, it is not as resistant to flattening as some other fibres although it does wear well and provides good resistance to water-soluble stains

Polypropylene is becoming widely used in carpet manufacturing, either as part of a blend, or in its own right. While it withstands footfall well, it is not as resilient as other fibres and can look dingy when soiled. As far as cleaning goes, polypropylene is easy to care for although it does scar if exposed to flame. Polypropylene is a good choice if budgets are tight.

A relatively inexpensive fibre, viscose is not particularly resilient and it has a habit of flattening fairly easily. However, it does allow fitted carpets to be brought within easy reach.


Jun 25, 2011
, AZ
I love the sisal rugs best myself. Maybe because of my facination with the Agave plant, one you can make Tequila out of.

But better check the tags on those rugs. This rug looks like a sisal but was made of 100% jute. The little woman uses it to work out on. Not sure wether or not I can repair this one. I think sisal might have held up better.

jute rug 001.JPG

jute rug 004.JPG

jute rug 008.JPG


Active Member
Mar 26, 2015
Sisal is cool because it can be colored and you can walk on it barefooted and not feel like your stepping on cable. Seagrass is cool because it literally can't be stained by anything but a bucket of ink, but it's about as uncomfortable a surface as one can imagine. I don't get why anyone would want it in their house. I did a room in the party house the Black Crowes bought down in Atlanta back when they were Shake your Moneymaker hot. Might as well have poured in a truckload of gravel.

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