This day in History.

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Nick

In Remembrance
Joined
Jan 31, 2010
Messages
10,909
Location
, New Jersey
1779

John Paul Jones declared "I have not yet begun to fight!" aboard the American warship Bonhomme Richard in the battle against the British man-of-war Serapis.
1806

After a three-year journey to the Pacific Northwest, the Lewis and Clark expedition returned to St. Louis.
1846

German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovered the planet Neptune.
1952

Vice presidential candidate Richard Nixon delivered his "Checkers speech" rebutting charges of improper campaign financing.
1973

Former Argentine president Juan Perón returned to power.
2011

Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas officially requests a bid for statehood at the UN Security Council.



**********************************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA***************************************************
1939.....................................Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, died in London.



psychoanalysis, name given by Sigmund Freud to a system of interpretation and therapeutic treatment of psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis began after Freud studied (1885–86) with the French neurologist J. M. Charcot in Paris and became convinced that hysteria was caused not by organic symptoms in the nervous system but by emotional disturbance. Later, in collaboration with Viennese physician Josef Breuer, Freud wrote two papers on hysteria (1893, 1895) that were the precursors of his vast body of psychoanalytic theory. Freud used his psychoanalytic method primarily to treat clients suffering from a variety of mild mental disorders classified until recently as neuroses (see neurosis). Freud was joined by an increasing number of students and physicians, among whom were C. G. Jung and Alfred Adler. Both made significant contributions, but by 1913 ceased to be identified with the main body of psychoanalysts because of theoretical disagreements with Freud's strong emphasis on sexual motivation. Other analysts, including Melanie Klein and Jacques Lacan, also have contributed greatly to the field. Psychoanalysis and its theoretical underpinnings have had an enormous influence on modern psychology and psychiatry and in fields as diverse as literary theory, anthropology, and film criticism.
 

Nick

In Remembrance
Joined
Jan 31, 2010
Messages
10,909
Location
, New Jersey
1455

The first battle in the 30-year War of Roses took place at St. Albans.
1761

The first life insurance policy in the United States was issued in Philadelphia.
1849

Abraham Lincoln received patent number 6469 for his floating dry dock.
1927

An earthquake near Xining, China, measuring 8.3 claimed approximately 200,000 victims.
1947

Harry S. Truman's Doctrine brought aid to Greece and Turkey to combat the spread of Communism.
1972

Richard Nixon arrived in Moscow, becoming the first U.S. president to visit the Soviet Union.
1990

North Yemen and South Yemen merged to form the Republic of Yemen.
1992

Johnny Carson hosted the last episode of his Tonight Show.
2011

At least 140 people are killed and hundreds more injured as a three-quarter-mile-wide tornado hits Joplin, Missouri. The tornado is among the deadliest in the nation's history, destroying nearly a third of the city and damaging about 2,000 buildings, including water treatment and sewage plants.
2012

Tokyo Skytree, which at 634 meters high is the tallest tower in the world, opened to the public.



****************************************************************************************DAILY EXTRA***********************************
2003..........................The UN Security Council approved a resolution lifting the economic sanctions against Iraq and supporting the U.S.-led administration in Iraq.



The Security Council is the primary instrument for establishing and maintaining international peace. Its main purpose is to prevent war by settling disputes between nations. Under the charter, the council is permitted to dispatch a UN force to stop aggression. All member nations undertake to make available armed forces, assistance, and facilities to maintain international peace and security.

The Security Council has 15 members. There are five permanent members: the United States, the Russian Federation, Britain, France, and China; and ten temporary members elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms, from five different regions of the world. Voting on procedural matters requires a nine-vote majority to carry. However, on questions of substance, the vote of each of the five permanent members is required. As of Jan. 2009, the ten elected nonpermanent members were Austria, Japan, Uganda, Mexico, Turkey, Burkina Faso, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Vietnam, Costa Rica, and Croatia. In Jan. 2010 the terms of Burkina Faso, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Vietnam, Costa Rica, and Croatia will expire.
 

Nick

In Remembrance
Joined
Jan 31, 2010
Messages
10,909
Location
, New Jersey
Nationality
British

Born on
22 May 1859 AD

Sun Sign
Gemini

Born in
Scotland

Died on
07 July 1930 AD

place of death
Crowborough, East Sussex, England

Personality Type
ESTP

father
Charles Altamont Doyle

mother
Mary Foley

siblings
Innes, Annette

Spouses/Partners
Jean Leckie (m. 1907–1930), Louisa Hawkins (m. 1885–1906)

children
Adrian Conan Doyle, Jean Conan Doyle, Arthur Alleyne Kingsley, Denis Percy Stewart, Mary Louise

education
Jesuit preparatory school Hodder Place, Stonyhurst, Stonyhurst College, Stella Matutina in Feldkirch, Austria, University of Edinburgh


Arthur Conan Doyle is the widely read Scottish author who created the legendary, world famous fictional character, 'Sherlock Holmes'. He authored more than 60 'Sherlock Holmes' mystery stories, which captivated readers and transported them into a world of mystery. Some of his notable 'Sherlock Holmes' works include, ‘Stories of Sherlock Holmes', 'The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes', 'The Hound of the Baskervilles', 'The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes' and 'The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes'. He also authored many non-fiction books, works of fantasy, science-fiction and wrote poetry. He has also published many historical novels. He created another fictional character named, ‘Professor Challenger' and wrote a series of novels based on him. Born into a wealthy family in Edinburgh, Scotland, Doyle grew up listening to many enchanting tales narrated to him by his mother, Mary, a well read and masterful storyteller. He initially went to medical school and after he graduated he was briefly employed and later set up his own practice. Unfortunately, his medical career did not succeed and he began writing stories while he waited for patients, little knowing the fact that these stories would change his life forever.


In 1885, he married Louisa Hawkins. Unfortunately she contracted tuberculosis and died of it in 1906. They had two children.

After the death of his first wife, he married Jean Elizabeth Leckie. The two married in 1907 and had three children. They fell in love when his first wife was still alive.

He suffered from Angina Pectoris.

He supported Christian Spiritualism and became a part of the Spiritualists’ National Union. He was a member of ‘The Ghost Club', an organisation that believed in the supernatural.

He played football and golf for clubs. He also played cricket for the Marylebone Cricket Club.

He died at the age of 71, after a heart attack.

In his honour, a statue of him is built in Crowborough, where he resided for almost 23 years.


Trivia

The widely acclaimed fictional character of ‘Sherlock Holmes’, the detective was conceived and created by this immensely talented author and medical practitioner.

man.jpg
 

Nick

In Remembrance
Joined
Jan 31, 2010
Messages
10,909
Location
, New Jersey
Nationality
American

Born on
24 May 1870 AD

Sun Sign
Gemini

Born in
New York City

Died on
09 July 1938 AD

place of death
Port Chester, New York

father
Albert Jacob Cardozo

mother
Rebecca Washington Nathan

Married
No


Benjamin Cardozo was an eminent American jurist who contributed significantly towards the development of ‘common law’ in United States. He was the second Jew to serve on the nation’s highest court and became a Supreme Court justice without a law degree. After dropping out from the law school, he joined his father's firm and entered the bar where he earned an excellent reputation. Later on he was admitted to the New York bar and became a highly successful courtroom lawyer despite his mild, reserved manner. Elected to the state Supreme Court as a reform candidate in 1913, he was elevated a few weeks after his arrival to the Court of Appeals, the highest court in New York. He stayed there until 1932, having become the chief justice in 1927, and was later appointed the Associate Justice of Supreme Court. He made some notable rulings throughout his career including the cases of ‘Palsgraf vs. Long Island Railroad’ and ‘Mac Pherson vs. Buick Motor Co.’ which placed him in the pantheon of eminent justices. A deeply private man known for his gentle, friendly demeanor and loved by his colleagues, he remained a bachelor all his life. As a jurist and a committed Jew, he brought honor to the United States and to his people, and his writings and opinions contributed greatly towards the evolution of American ‘common law’.


He voluntarily chose to remain unmarried and led a celibate life. One of the supposed reasons behind this decision was his lifelong devotion towards his older sister Nell, with whom he lived in New York until her death in 1929.

He died on July 9, 1938, in Port Chester, New York, at the age of 68. His body was buried in Beth Olam Cemetery, Queens, New York.

benjamin-cardozo-1.jpg.ade1ef5c7d46ee235ea19e03626499f2.jpg
 

Nick

In Remembrance
Joined
Jan 31, 2010
Messages
10,909
Location
, New Jersey
Nationality
British

Born on
25 May 1939 AD

Sun Sign
Gemini

Born in
Burnley, Lancashire, England, UK

Grouping of People
Gays

father
Denis Murray McKellen

mother
Margery Lois (née Sutcliffe)

Spouses/Partners
Brian Taylor (1964–1972), Sean Mathias (1978–1988)

education
St Catharine's College, Cambridge, Cambridge University, Bolton School, University of Cambridge

Net worth
$55 million
awards
1981 - New York Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play
1984 - London Olivier Award for Best Actor in a Revival
1984 - London Evening Standard Award for Best Actor
1989 - London Evening Standard Award for Best Actor
1990 - London Olivier Award for Best Actor
1998 - Back Stage West Garland Awards
2004 - Manila
Philippines Pride International Film Festival's Lifetime Achievement & Distinction Award
2007 - Annie Award for Best Voice Acting in an Animated Feature Production
2009 - San Sebastián International Film Festival Donostia Award in recognition of an extensive professional career


McKellen is a British citizen, an acclaimed thespian of the British stage, and a respected film actor. He is well-known for his roles as Magneto in the X-Men films and as Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings. His work spans genres ranging from Shakespearean and modern theatre, to popular fantasy and science fiction. McKellen was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire, was knighted for services to the performing arts, and was made a Companion of Honour for services to drama and to equality. He made his sexual orientation known to his fellow actors early in his stage career, but he came out to the general public in a programme on BBC Radio 3. He is the co-founder of Stonewall, a LGBT rights lobby group in the United Kingdom, named after the Stonewall riots. He acted in the first of several X-Men movies as the villain Magneto and appeared in the film adaptation of the best-selling book ‘The Da Vinci Code.’ For his work in the film series, he received the Screen Actors Guild Award for best supporting actor, and an Academy Award nomination.

Trivia

This British actor is a Cricket fan since childhood, playing for the second eleven in his youth. In 2011, he umpired a charity match in New Zealand.

ian-mckellen-3.jpg.3c7d862127d34c09e3569bc69f1547a2.jpg
 

DarisMulkin

Professional
Pro
Joined
Jul 11, 2011
Messages
3,278
Location
Davison, Mi, Michigan
A thing out of the local paper The Daivson Index where they have a article everyweek "Out of the Past" that I enjoy reading. Here is an exerpt sounds like they shut the electricity off.
100 YEARS AGO

Dec. 26, 1919

Mr. King, electric light man, wished to call attention of consumers to the fact that the plant will be shut down one hour early on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings in the future, the same being 10 o’clock instead of 11 a.m. Also, it is strictly against the rules of the plant to use irons in the evening. Recently an overload caused by flatirons being used in the evening burned out one-half the control on switchboard No 3. Fifteen new meters have been installed and people who have not previously had their light measured are asked to be careful if they wish to avoid large bills.

Later- Tuesday evening an overload from the use of electric irons burned out the cable in front of Lucien Dumanios’ home and the west side of town was in darkness from about 8:30 until the next morning when repairs were made. — Compiled by John W. Brooks


DON'T IRON AT NIGHT!!!
 

highup

Professional
Pro
Joined
Mar 6, 2011
Messages
10,211
Location
,
....how did the know everyone was using irons? Maybe they were heating water for the Jacuzzi or charging their car.
 
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